Muilenburg, J. L., Laschober, T. C., & Eby, L. T. (2014). Organizational factors as predictors of tobacco cessation pharmacotherapy adoption in addiction treatment programs. Journal of Addiction Medicine, 8, 59-65.
Veterans Day! November 10, 2013
Happy Veterans Day! A big “Thank You” goes out to all of our Veterans!
If you are attending AHSR this year, we invite you to join us during our presentations:
(1) Thursday, October 24, at 10:45 – The Adoption Extensiveness of Tobacco Cessation Treatments: Does Climate for Innovation and Twelve-Step Treatment Orientation Matter? (presented by Dr. Jessica Muilenburg)
(2) Thursday, October 24, at 2:15 – Climate for Innovations Indices as Predictors of Tobacco Cessation Pharmacotherapy Adoption Extensiveness (presented by Dr. Jessica Muilenburg)
Hope to see you there!!!
New Publication: A quasi-experimental study examining New York State’s tobacco-free regulation August 15, 2013
Background: On July 24, 2008, New York State (NYS) became the first state to require all state-funded or state-certified substance use disorder (SUD) treatment organizations to be 100% tobacco-free and offer tobacco cessation (TC) treatment.
Methods: The current study used a quasi-experimental, non-equivalent control group design with a pretest and posttest to examine the effect of the NYS tobacco-free regulation on three clinical practice behaviors (use of TC-related intake procedures, use of guideline recommended counseling for TC, and pharmacotherapy availability) in a diverse sample of SUD treatment programs. Repeated cross-sectional data were collected from NYS counselors (experimental group) and non-NYS counselors (control group) approximately 4 months pre-regulation (N = 282 and 659, respectively) and 10-12 months post-regulation (N = 364 and 733, respectively).
Results: Using mixed-effects models, results at pre-regulation indicate no group differences in the three clinical practice behaviors. However, significant post-regulation effects were found such that the experimental group reports greater use of TC-related intake procedures, guideline recommended counseling, and availability of pharmacotherapy than the control group. Additionally, the experimental but not the control group shows increases in all three clinical practice behaviors from pre-regulation to post-regulation.
Conclusions: We conclude that the NYS tobacco-free regulation had a significant and positive effect on promoting patient TC efforts among counselors.
Eby, L. T., & Laschober, T. C. (2013). A quasi-experimental study examining New York State’s tobacco-free regulation: effects on clinical practice behaviors. Drug & Alcohol Dependence, 132, 158-164. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.022
Substance abuse counselor beliefs and barriers about smoking cessation programs within drug abuse treatment facilities June 17, 2013
Jessica L. Muilenburg, PhD, Lillian Eby, PhD and Keriann M. Conway, MPH
The prevalence of smoking among individuals seeking treatment for a co-occurring substance abuse condition is very high, between 70%-95%. However, many drug treatment facilities do not encourage smoking cessation during treatment, even though patients often show interest in quitting smoking. The purpose of this. These facilities were randomly selected using the SAMHSA database. On-line surveys were completed by 150 counselors. Most respondents were female (61.8%), White (81.4%) and have an average age of 44. Most counselors agree that smoking cessation interventions should be tailored to a patient’s readiness study is to investigate the beliefs of those counselors treating patients in substance abuse treatment facilities to quit (61.5%), that smoking cessation should be an integral part of the treatment program (51.1%), and that treating tobacco addiction is as important as treating other drugs (43.9%). However, the clinicians are neutral on whether or not patient attendance would be affected (35.6%). Further, counselors were not concerned with financial constraints related to the amount of smoking services available (35.6%), incorporating smoking cessation into treatment planning (33.1%), or supporting activities related to smoking cessation (44.1%). However, there was agreement that there are financial constraints for training and educational opportunities in smoking cessation for counselors (35.7%). This study indicates that not only are counselors willing to treat tobacco addiction along with other substances, but they also do not view financial constraints as a barrier. Policy changes in substance abuse treatment centers could change to support the counselors’ willingness to provide smoking cessation to drug addicted patients.
MERITS Research is featured in NIDA Notes! May 1, 2013
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has included one of our studies in their NIDA Notes: “Counselors’ Perceptions of Organizational Justice and Support Predict Turnover”